Good morning to you family. How are you wherever and whenever you are today? I got some sleep which was very welcomed and much needed. The inner prompting this morning began with a very old musical friend which lead me to another! It was a reverse order kind of thing….Gary Numan’s song Car’s (a song I about wore out listening to as a teen!) which lead me to Elvis Presley! Kyle asked me why when I heard the video I’ve linked I was getting goose bumps all over my body, “Oh my God” explanation and bawling…..I said “I’m having a memory.” Elvis Presley was a guiding voice for me for so much of my early years! I can remember listening to him on those little 45’s on the ancient technology device (now lol) called a record player LOL! I can still remember where I was when he left us. I was in a hot attic with my cousin Kelly Siemonsma and we just were in shock! It was devastating especially the “way” he went. Some of what happened he did to himself but ALOT of it is what WE, his fans put on him. He, like many celebrities of today, can’t even take a shit (Ben Cumberbatch just recently referenced someone actually trying to get a picture of him when he needed to go to the bathroom!) without someone trying to bother him. When you make “idols” out of human beings you make them prisoners of their own fame. The God of my understanding (of my youth) was pretty clear about not doing that….it’s actually one of the Ten Commandments:
|LXX||P||S||T||A||C||L||R||Main article||Exodus 20:1-17||Deuteronomy 5:4-21|
|—||—||—||1||—||1||—||(1)||I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.||2||6|
|1||1||1||2||1||1||1||1||Thou shalt have no other gods before me||3||7|
|2||2||1||2||1||1||—||2||Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image||4–6||8–10|
|3||3||2||3||2||2||2||3||Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain||7||11|
|4||4||3||4||3||3||3||4||Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy||8–11||12–15|
|5||5||4||5||4||4||4||5||Honour thy father and thy mother||12||16|
|6||7||5||6||5||5||5||6||Thou shalt not kill||13||17|
|7||6||6||7||6||6||6||7||Thou shalt not commit adultery||14||18|
|8||8||7||8||7||7||7||8||Thou shalt not steal||15||19|
|9||9||8||9||8||8||8||9||Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour||16||20|
|10||10||9||10||10||10||9||10||Thou shalt not covet (neighbour’s house)||17a||21b|
|10||10||9||10||9||9||10||10||Thou shalt not covet (neighbour’s wife)||17b||21a|
|10||10||9||10||10||10||10||10||Thou shalt not covet (neighbour’s servants, animals, or anything else)||17c||21c|
|—||—||10||—||—||—||—||—||Ye shall erect these stones which I command thee upon Mount Gerizim||17d (Samaritan)||21d (Samaritan)|
- All scripture quotes above are from the King James Version. Click on verses at top of columns for other versions.
This is why some walks of faith do not make images of their God….
how and when to remove this template message)
Aniconism in Islam is a proscription in Islam against the creation of images of sentient beings. The most absolute proscription is of images of God in Islam, followed by depictions of Muhammad, and then Islamic prophets and the relatives of Muhammad, but the depiction of all humans and non-human animals is discouraged in the hadith and by the long tradition of Islamic authorities, especially Sunni ones. This has led to Islamic art being dominated by Islamic geometric patterns, calligraphy and the barely representational foliage patterns of the arabesque; but figurative art still has a strong tradition, especially on a small scale in private works for the home or palace. The proliferation of photographic and filmed images today has led to controversy, with some religious authorities stating, for example, that all television is un-Islamic, but this is not a widely held position.
ELVIS – Bridge Over Troubled Water (NEW mix! Great sound!)
Gary Numan Cars Official Music video in 1080p
Q’iswa Chaka rope bridge over the Apurímac River Peru
Okay, this rope bridge isn’t nearly as terrifying as it looks. Brave travelers and locals alike say that this ancient suspension construction can hold a surprising amount of weight. We say ‘ancient’ because a rope bridge has been at this location for centuries. The structure itself is replaced annually during a three-day community work project that goes from harvesting a particularly tough local grass, to rope braiding, to actually weaving the bridge itself. And if you fall, the waters of the Apurímac River flow below. Hey, that’s better than pointy rocks and sticks, isn’t it?
Xander and Inca Mummy Girl – “Bleeding Love”
Inca Mummy Girl Hawks Cars
The Inca first appeared in the Andes region during the 12th century A.D. and gradually built a massive kingdom through the military strength of their emperors. Known as Tawantinsuyu, the Inca state spanned the distance of northern Ecuador to central Chile and consisted of 12 million inhabitants from more than 100 different ethnic groups at its peak. Well-devised agricultural and roadway systems, along with a centralized religion and language, helped maintain a cohesive state. Despite their power, the Inca were quickly overwhelmed by the diseases and superior weaponry of Spanish invaders, the last bastion of their immense empire overtaken in 1572.
The Inca first appeared in what is today southeastern Peru during the 12th century A.D. According to some versions of their origin myths, they were created by the sun god, Inti, who sent his son Manco Capac to Earth through the middle of three caves in the village of Paccari Tampu. After killing his brothers, Manco Capac led his sisters and their followers through the wilderness before settling in the fertile valley near Cusco circa 1200.
The Inca began expanding their land holdings by the reign of their fourth emperor, Mayta Capac. However, they did not truly become an expansive power until the eighth emperor, Viracocha Inca, took control in the early 15th century. Bolstered by the military capabilities of two uncles, Viracocha Inca defeated the Ayarmaca kingdom to the south and took over the Urubamba Valley. He also established the Inca practice of leaving military garrisons to maintain peace in conquered lands.
When the rival Chancas attacked circa 1438, Viracocha Inca retreated to a military outpost while his son, Cusi Inca Yupanqui, successfully defended Cusco. Taking the title of Pachacuti, Inca Yupanqui became one of the Inca’s most influential rulers. His military campaigns extended the kingdom to the southern end of the Titicaca Basin, and hundreds of miles north to subject the Cajamarca and Chimu kingdoms.
The expanding reach of the Inca state, Tawantinsuyu, prompted strategic logistical considerations. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui is believed to have been the first Inca emperor to order forced resettlement to squash the possibility of an uprising from one ethnic group. In addition, he established the practice in which rulers were prevented from inheriting the possessions of their predecessors, thereby ensuring that successive leaders would conquer new lands and accumulate new wealth.
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui also focused his efforts on strengthening Cusco, the center of the empire. He expanded Sacsahuaman, the massive fortress that guarded the city, and embarked on an expansive irrigation project by channeling rivers and creating intricate agricultural terraces.
Although Tawantinsuyu was comprised of more than 100 distinct ethnic groups among its 12 million inhabitants, a well-developed societal structure kept the empire running smoothly. There was no written language, but a form of Quechua became the primary dialect, and knotted cords known as quipu were used to keep track of historical and accounting records. Most subjects were self-sufficient farmers who tended to corn, potatoes, squash, llamas, alpacas and dogs, and paid taxes through public labor. A system of roadways adding up to approximately 15,000 miles crisscrossed the kingdom, with relay runners capable of advancing messages at the rate of 150 miles per day.
The Inca religion centered on a pantheon of gods that included Inti; a creator god named Viracocha; and Apu Illapu, the rain god. Impressive shrines were built throughout the kingdom, including a massive Sun Temple in Cusco that measured more than 1,200 feet in circumference. Powerful priests depended on divination to diagnose illness, solve crimes and predict the outcomes of warfare, in many cases requiring animal sacrifice. The mummified remains of previous emperors were also treated as sacred figures and paraded around at ceremonies with their stores of gold and silver.
Upon ascending to the throne in 1471, Topa Inca Yupanqui pushed the southern border of the empire to the Maule River in modern-day Chile, and instituted a tribute system in which each province provided women to serve as temple maidens or brides for celebrated soldiers. His successor, Huayna Capac, embarked on successful northern campaigns that carried to the Ancasmayo River, the current boundary between Ecuador and Colombia.
Meanwhile, the arrival of Spanish explorers had already triggered the collapse of the state. The Spanish carried such alien diseases as smallpox, which wiped out a huge chunk of the population before killing Huayna Capac and his chosen successor around 1525. That sparked a civil war as would-be emperors battled for power, with Atahualpa eventually outlasting his half-brother, Huascar, to grab the throne.
Enamored by the stories of Inca wealth, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro lured Atahualpa to meeting for a supposed dinner in his honor and kidnapped the emperor in November 1532. Atahualpa was executed the following summer, and although the Spanish were far outnumbered by the locals, they easily sacked Cusco in late 1533 with their superior weaponry.
Attempting to keep the peace, the Spanish installed a young prince named Manco Inca Yupanqui as a puppet king, a move that backfired during a spirited rebellion in 1536. However, Manco Inca Yupanqui and his men were eventually forced to retreat to the jungle village of Vilcabamba, which remained the last stronghold of the empire until 1572.
As the only written accounts of the Inca were composed by outsiders, its mythology and culture passed to successive generations by trained storytellers. Traces of its existence were mainly found in the ruins of cities and temples, but in 1911 archaeologist Hiram Bingham discovered the intact 15th century mountaintop citadel of Machu Picchu, its magnificent stone structures reflecting the power and capabilities of this massive Pre-Colombian state.
By Made and uploaded by Huhsunqu. – Own work. This file is not intended to depict an exact copy of the Inca’s banner, since there isn’t any remaing banner of that times. This reconstruction is based on f. Bernabé Cobo’s description in Historia del Nuevo Mundo (1609), in which he claims the general standard of the incas was the depiction of their “coat of arms” in a squared plain banner. For the Cobo’s narration and the drawing of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega’s coat of arms made in the first print of Comentarios reales de los Incas (see page 411, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2005, Mexico)., CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=988696
The Inca Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu, lit. “The Four Regions”), also known as the Incan Empire and the Inka Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru. The Inca civilization arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in the early 13th century. Its last stronghold was conquered by the Spanish in 1572.
From 1438 to 1533, the Incas used methods including conquest and peaceful assimilation, to incorporate a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean mountain ranges. At its largest, the empire joined Peru, large parts of modern Ecuador, western and south central Bolivia, northwest Argentina, north and central Chile and a small part of southern Colombia into a state comparable to the historical empires of Eurasia. Its official language was Quechua. Many local forms of worship persisted in the empire, most of them concerning local sacred Huacas, but the Inca leadership encouraged the worship of Inti—their sun god—and imposed its sovereignty above other cults such as that of Pachamama. The Incas considered their king, the Sapa Inca, to be the “son of the sun.”